Experiential Education FAQs
Q. What is Experiential Education?
A. Experiential Education is providing students the opportunity to participate in the provision of pharmacy services in a real life practice site. Student knowledge and skills build upon each didactic lecture and practice lab and then allow them begin participating in the provision of actual pharmacy practice services.
Q. What are the different types of Experiential Education?
A. Experiential Education is divided into two classifications by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE). Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experiences (IPPE) and Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences (APPE).
Q. What are IPPEs?
A. Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experiences (IPPE) are those pharmacy practice experiences that enable students to build their required ability based outcomes from novice to mastery during their APPEs. IPPEs prepare students to actively participate in wide range of pharmacy services under the supervision of a preceptor / mentor. They will be able to go from theory to practice.
The ACPE requires a minimum of 300 hours of IPPE hours during a pharmacy student’s first three professional years (P1, P2, P3). Manchester University College of Pharmacy is building a program with strong experiential training as described:
- IPPE I Community 140 hours
- IPPE II Institutional / Hospital 140 hours
- IPPE Clinical Simulation 33 hours
- P1: Simulation/Standardized Patients 6 hour / Objective Structured Clinical Exams (OSCEs) 3 h Dec
P2: Simulation/Standardized Patients 6 hour / OSCEs 3 hours – Dec
P3: Simulation/Standardized Patients 6 hr/OSCEs 3 x 2h Cert – Spring/ OSCE High Stakes 3h May
- P3: Advanced Clinical Skills–Certifications in MTM, Diabetes, Anticoag (P1:CPR/Immunizations)
Coursework not counted toward IPPE Experiential hours … OSCE portion counted as described above
Q. How are IPPE rotations designed?
A. In each of their first two professional years (P1 + P2), Manchester Pharmacy students will complete a two-week intensive (focus) learning experience in a targeted practice setting with specific outcomes needed between the fall and spring semesters. This two week focused training will be followed by a longitudinal four hour per week experience during each spring semester of their P1 + P2 years.
IPPE I Community Pharmacy PHRM 370) (P1) (140 hours)
- Two week focus community pharmacy experience (December or January P1 Year)
- Longitudinal four hours per week community pharmacy experience scheduled either Tuesday or Thursday in afternoon (same pharmacy the two-week focus training occurred).
IPPE II Institutional / Hospital Pharmacy PHRM 470 (P2) (140 hours)
- Two week focus institutional or hospital pharmacy experience (December or January P2 Year)
- Longitudinal four hours per week institutional/hospital pharmacy experience scheduled either Tuesday or Thursday morning (same institution/hospital the two-week focus training occurred)
IPPE Clinical Simulation / Standardized Patients (Longitudinal Over P1, P2, P3) (33 hours)
To complement didactic learning throughout the P1, P2, and P3 year, IPPE Simulation/Standardized Patients/OSCEs will provide students the opportunity to build upon their clinical practice skills through a variety of techniques in a patient safe environment. Pharmacy students perform drug therapy management for increasingly complex simulated patients. They will complete a series of high and low stakes OSCEs validating practice skills prior to participating in each experiential rotation. This multifaceted approach increases student confidence, allows the practice of clinical skills in a controlled environment and is excellent preparation prior to beginning their APPE rotations.
Q. What national certifications are being designed into Manchester’s curriculum to prepare students for APPEs?
A. Through Advanced Clinical Skills courses, Manchester Pharmacy students will complete certification requirements in CPR, Immunizations (APhA), Medication Therapy Management (MTM) (APhA), and Diabetes (APhA). Additional certifications are being evaluated: Anticoagulation ((APhA-in development) and Advanced Cardiac Life Support (being investigated).
Q. What are APPE rotations?
A. APPEs (Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences) are designed for students to actively participate in the provision of pharmacy services during 10 different core and elective rotations during their fourth and final professional year (P4). These rotations will build upon the didactic learning, labs and introductory experiences to help each student master knowledge and skills that will allow them to become competent pharmacy practitioners. Each rotation year begins in May and ends in the following April.
Q. What are the different core APPEs and how many are required?
A. Six core APPE rotations are required for each student during their P4 year.
- Advanced Community Pharmacy Experience - 1 Four Week Rotation
- Advanced Hospital / Institutional Pharmacy Experience - 1 Four Week Rotation
- Acute Care Experiences - 2 Four Week Rotations
- Ambulatory Care Experiences - 2 Four Week Rotations
Q. What are examples of Elective APPE rotations and how many are required?
A. Each P4 student will complete four elective APPE rotations. Elective rotations are intended to introduce students to the variety of pharmacy career opportunities that await them and to allow them to focus their APPEs in their individual areas of interest. These electives could include additional core rotations.
Elective APPE Rotations may include:
- Compounding Specialty
- Drug Information Centers
- Governmental Pharmacy related agencies (CDC, DEA, FDA, …)
- Home Infusion services
- Long Term Care Consulting,
- Managed Care Services
- Pharmaceutical Industry
- Pharmaceutical Marketing and Sales
- Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
- Pharmacy Distribution Centers
- Professional Pharmacy organizations (IPA, ASHP, APhA, ACPE, AACP, …)
- Pharmacy Systems and Technology
- Poison Control and Toxicolog
- Research (Clinical),
- Research (Industrial)
- Research (Pharmaceutical Science / Academia)
- Specialty Topics / Mentored Projects, etc.
Q. What are some examples of expected activities during the experiential education rotations?
A. Each rotation is designed with experiences, objectives and outcomes specific to the year of the student’s active participation in the program. Earlier experiences will focus on the mechanics of pharmacy operations including utilizing the latest technology, inventory management / purchasing, insurance coverage, legal requirements of prescriptions, control drug management, processing prescriptions accurately and safely, providing drug information and patient consultations. Later experiences will prepare students to actively participate in all aspects of medication therapy management.
Q. How do students select rotations?
A. Prior to the beginning of each rotation year, preceptors will be contacted to identify the types and availability of pharmacy rotations. Rotations goals, sample activities and descriptions will be submitted by preceptor / site and provided electronically to students.
Manchester University College of Pharmacy hopes to develop/host a Rotation Discovery Day where preceptors and students are able to introduce/describe potential rotations. This event will provide an opportunity for preceptors to share with students what rotations are available at their sites and what activities are included in these rotations.
Students will then review the list of preceptors, rotations descriptions, and rotation sites that have availability for Manchester students. Students prioritize their choices for each of the required and elective rotations. The rotations are then assigned to the students using a software system that incorporates student preferences with rotation availability/capacity.
Q. What are the general requirements to become a preceptor?
A. These vary depending upon the skills, interest and training of the preceptor and the specific rotation.
Manchester will have a variety of preceptor training available. Standardized preceptor training modules such as those created by Pharmacist Letter Preceptor Training and/or some training developed by Manchester University College of Pharmacy may be utilized to ensure preceptor comfort, consistency and baseline competencies. Ongoing communication and preceptor mentoring/support will be provided.
Preceptors need to meet with students on a regular basis to ensure rotation goals/objectives/expectations are met. Time with students will vary with each site depending on preceptor availability/rotation service requirements and student needs. Sites and preceptors are expected to provide opportunities for students to actively participate in patient care activities and to challenge them to perform at new levels. Preceptors are also expected to evaluate the student online and follow the grading and content requirements for students on rotation.
Experiential Education Department will conduct site visits, review student evaluations of preceptors and sites as well as preceptor evaluations of students. This is part of our ongoing assessment program to ensure quality, achieve identified ability-based outcomes, promote optimum communication and ongoing feedback, and identify opportunities for improvement.
Q. How do I apply to precept Manchester students?
A. Please complete Manchester’s e-form preceptor application form located on Manchester University College of Pharmacy’s webpage, and attach your CV. Check out our Webpage: http://www.manchester.edu/pharmacy
Someone from Manchester’s Experiential Education department will get back to you shortly thereafter.
While preceptors are generally selected a year in advance, there are times when Manchester may need to request a rotation during the year.
Each site must also sign an affiliation agreement / contract with Manchester University.
|Q. Who can I contact at the Manchester University College of Pharmacy?
||Dr. Herb J. Halley
Director Experiential Education
Associate Professor Pharmacy Practice
Manchester University College of Pharmacy
10627 Diebold Road
Fort Wayne, IN 46845
|Dr. Ahmed Abdelmageed
Associate Director Experiential Education
Assistant Professor Pharmacy Practice
Manchester University College of Pharmacy
10627 Diebold Road
Fort Wayne, IN 46845
Jeffrey S. Murphy